Dublin City is
the capital, administrative and business centre of Ireland.
Today, Dublin is a thriving and prosperous city, a popular tourist
destination and a premier business location within the European
Covering an area
of 44.4 square miles, the historical city of Dublin celebrated
its own millennium in 1988. The area around the City, however,
has been inhabited since 8,000 BC. Built on the banks of the
River Liffey, Dublin takes its name from the Irish 'Dubh Linn',
meaning 'the dark pool'. The capital is also called 'Baile Atha
Cliath', referring to 'the town of the hurdles', believed to
be an ancient fortification dating back to the 6th century.
The city of Dublin has played host to the early Celts, Christian
monastic settlements, the Vikings, the Normans and Cromwellians,
to name a few. Modern day Dublin mostly dates from the 17th
century, with a presence of fine Georgian architecture throughout
The first Mayor of Dublin was elected in 1229. The City is now
administered by the Dublin Corporation, a municipal authority,
with an elected Lord Mayor. The Corporation is responsible for
the planning and development of Dublin City; roads and the environment,
cultural activities, public libraries and community services.
Dublin City is twinned with San Jose in California and Liverpool
in the UK. The relationship with San Hose has spawned economic
and cultural activities. Dublin and Liverpool are linked by
a common history and a mutual appreciation of sports and the
arts. The Dublin Corporation website at www.dublincorp.ie has
a wealth of useful information for those both visiting and living
in Dublin City.
To the west of the city centre is Phoenix Park, the largest
municipal park in the world. Ringed by a 7 mile wall, Phoenix
Park takes its name form the Irish 'Fionn Uisce' meaning 'clear
water'. The Park originated in 1662, when the Duke of Ormonde
turned the land into a deer park. In 1745, it was landscaped
and opened to the public by Lord Chesterfield. Today, Phoenix
Park is home to Dublin Zoo, Ashtown Castle and Visitors Centre
and Aras an Uachtarain, the official residence of the President
of Ireland. City dwellers and visitors alike can enjoy the welcome
wide open spaces and beauty of Phoenix Park.
The population of the City is some 500,000, extending to over
1,000,000 in the Metropolitan area. Surprisingly, 70% of the
population in Dublin is under 45, making the Capital of Ireland
the youngest in age profile of major European cities. The City
Centre is being developed for inner city style living, highlighted
by the Dublin Docklands Development. Beyond the city lies the
popular and charming coastal suburbs of Dublin, which are served
by the DART train from Howth in the north, to Bray in the south.
Some of Ireland's most exclusive properties are located in the
suburbs of Killiney, Dalkey and the inner area of Ballsbridge.
All overseas Embassies and Consular Offices to Ireland are based
in central Dublin. The Department of Justice in St Stephen's
Green issues visas for non EU nationals.
Three and a half million people visit Dublin City each year.
Dublin has become one of Europe's most desirable places
to visit for holidays and short weekend breaks. With excellent
shopping, entertainment, restaurants and sporting events,
the Capital City has come of age. The refurbished left bank
of Dublin, Temple Bar, is a hub of creative studios, art
galleries, bijoux shops, cafes and bars. Culture in Dublin
has long been established. Literature, art, museums, recitals
and festivals are prolific throughout the year.
Because Dublin is a compact City, everywhere is accessible
either by walking, bus, taxi or a short train ride away.
Most of the visitor attractions are within walking distance
of each other. Staying in Dublin is lots of fun. People
in general are warm and friendly. Booking ahead is advisable,
accommodation in Dublin can get booked out in the high season
or during a special event. Dublin City is well known for
its high standard of accommodation and service, whether
it is one of the luxurious five star hotels or a private
guesthouse. A full range of accommodation with varied styles
and amenities are available. Business visitors to the City
can avail of special corporate rates, offered by most hotels.
There are self catering options and youth hostels are great
value and often located right in the city centre.
|Travel (see also town guides)
has its own International Airport some ten miles north of the
city. With daily flights and connections to Europe and the US,
Dublin City is an easy destination to visit. Dublin Bus and
Bus Eireann operate a network of services across the centre
of the City and out to the suburbs of Dublin. The DART (Dublin
Area Rapid Transport) is a fast local train service connecting
the northern and southern coastal suburbs of Dublin. Connections
to the rest of Ireland by train are either from Heuston Station
(serving the west and south) or Connolly Station (serving the
north of Ireland). Irish Ferries and Stena line operate ferry
services to the UK from Dublin Port.
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